There are various setting options in VirtualBox that can be used to customize and tune a virtual machine. Here, we will cover up all the VirtualBox virtual machine settings options one by one. As you know, this is the third article of our Getting Started With VirtualBox step by step guide. In case if you missed the previous posts, we recommend you to read those posts, so you can understand the setup we are using.
The complete Getting Started With VirtualBox guide contains the following topics:
- Downloading the latest version of VirtualBox.
- Creating a new virtual machine in VirtualBox.
- Understanding and configuring virtual machine settings in VirtualBox (This post).
- Installing a guest operating system in VirtualBox.
- Working with snapshots in VirtualBox.
- Installing VirtualBox Extension Pack.
- Encrypting a virtual machine in VirtualBox.
- Creating a clone virtual machine in VirtualBox.
To configure the various Virtual Machine Settings in VirtualBox, we will perform the following step by step tasks:
Configuring General Settings in VirtualBox VM
- First of all, open the Settings window for the desired virtual machine. To open the virtual machine settings in VirtualBox, select the virtual machine and then click Settings.
- On the Settings window, the first section is the General The General section has four additional tabs that allow you to set the various settings. The Basic tab allows you to specify the virtual machine name, vendor type, and the version of guest OS.
- The next tab is the Advanced It allows you to specify the snapshot folder location and drag-and-drop option between the host and guest machines.
- The next tab is the Description tab that is self-explanatory.
- The next tab is the Encryption tab. It is almost similar to the BitLocker feature of Windows. It allows you to encrypt a VirtualBox virtual machine. We will cover this feature in the later section.
Configuring System Settings in VirtualBox
- Now comes to the System section. The first tab of the System section is Motherboard. Two of the major settings in this section are Base memory and Boot order. The boot order option is important as it allows you set the desired boot option through which the installation of the guest operating system will be done. For now, select the Optical option and move it to one step up.
- Next, select the Processor tab. Here, you can set the number of virtual CPUs for the selected VM and enable the NX bit (something that enforces to enable DEP on Windows systems).
- Next, select the Acceleration tab. This tab allows you to enable the hardware virtualization and the para-virtualization settings.
Configuring Display Settings in VirualBox
- The next section is the Display section. The Screen tab of this section allows you to set the video memory, enable the 3D acceleration, and 2D video acceleration.
- The next tab is the Remote Display tab. This tab allows you to set the settings related to the remote connection. However, you need to download and install the compatible version of VirtualBox Extension Pack to use this feature. Installation of VirtualBox Extension Package has been covered in the later section.
- The last tab of this section is the Video Capture tab. It is pretty disappointed that the latest version of VMware Workstation no longer allows to capturing the videos of lab exercises. However, VirtualBox now supports this feature that allows you to capture the live steps in a video file. This is really helpful for the training and learning purposes. Review the video capturing options.
Configuring Storage settings in VirtualBox
- The next section is the Storage section. Here, you can customize the settings related to the storage devices such as HDD, VHD, and CD/DVD.
Enabling Audio in VirtualBox Virtual Machine
- If you want to use the audio feature of your host machine on the VirtualBox virtual machine, select the Enable Audio check box in the Audio section.
Configuring Network Settings in VirtualBox
- Understanding network connection type is one of the most essential tasks for every system, server, and network administrator. The Network section allows you to attach the VirtualBox virtual machine to the desired network. Choose the network type that fulfills your requirement.
Configuring Serial Ports Settings in VirtualBox
- The Serial Ports section displays the serial posts and their related settings. If required, select the desired settings for the serial ports.
Configuring USB Devices in VirtualBox
- The USB section allows you add and remove the USB devices to the VirtualBox virtual machine. The default supported USB version is Version 1.1. In order to use the latest version of USB devices (USB 3.0), you need to download and install VirtualBox Extension Pack.
Configuring Shared Folders in VirtualBox
- The next section is the Shared Folders It allows you to share files between host and guest operating systems. To add a shared folder, click the add icon and select the folder of the host machine that you want to share with the selected virtual machine. Specify the folder name. There are two more options in the Add Share dialog box that you should know: Read-only and Auto-mount.
- Read-only: Select the Read-only option if you want to share this folder with the read-only permission.
- Auto-mount: If you want to mount the shared folder as a network drive automatically inside the virtual machine, select the Auto-mount option.
Configuring User Interface Settings in VirtualBox
- The last section is the User Interface It allows you change the settings that affect the user’s behavior and lookup of the virtual machine.
That’s all about the configuring virtual machine settings in VirtualBox. Hope, you have got the basic idea of the virtual machine settings in VirtualBox. As much as you work with VirtualBox, you will become the master of VirtualBox.