We do not need to remind you that what’s the importance of Internet in nowadays. Almost every people getting connected with the globe using the Internet services. However, sometimes when you do not have access to internet may frustrate you a lot. Today, we will discuss a common error that may prevent you to access your favorite Web sites. People use various types of Web browser such as Chrome, Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox to access the Internet. During access to Internet, you may get DNS related error such as DNS_PROBE_FINISHED_NXDOMAIN (as shown in the following figure) that prevents you to access few of the Internet websites (you might be able to access few web sites but not the all).



Since there is no exact method, path, or steps to troubleshoot any network or system related issue. The same error may display by various issues. There are few tips and tricks that can help you to solve the DNS_PROBE_FINISHED_NXDOMAIN error. It may be possible that in your case one method may work and in the case of other person, second or third method may work.

Checking Proper Proxy Settings

Whenever, you get the DNS_PROBE_FINISHED_NXDOMAIN error, first of all try to ping the domain web site name, that you are trying to access. If you are able to ping successfully, check your your proxy server setting. Make sure you are using correct proxy server IP address. If your network environment does not use proxy, remove the proxy address from Internet Options.

  1. To do so, open the Run dialog box, type inetcpl.cpl and press the Enter button.
  2. On the Internet Options window, select the Connections tab and then click the LAN settings. In the Local Area Network (LAN) settings dialog box, validate your proxy server address.

Internet Options Window

If the above-mentioned method does not help you, try the second one.

Using Public DNS IP Addresses

  1. Open the Network Adapter properties and change the DNS server IP addresses. To do so, type ncpa.cpl in the Run dialog box and press the Enter key.
  2. Select and right-click your active network adapter and then select the TCP/IPv4 option. On the TCP/IPv4 Properties dialog box, use the following public DNS server IP addresses even if you are obtaining IP address settings from the DHCP server.
  • Public DNS

These both are well-known public DNS IP addresses that anyone can use if he/she does not know what DNS server IP addresses are being used. Now, try to access your favorite website. Hope it works for you, if not then continue with the below-mentioned method.

Resetting IP Address Settings

Open the Command Prompt window with the admin privileges and type the following commands to release and renew IP addresses. If you are using static IP address, skip this step.

  • c:\>ipconfig /release
  • c:\>ipconfig /release

Obtain IP address from DHCP server

Now, execute the following commands to flush the DNS entries, reset Winsock service, and restart the system.

  • C:\>ipconfig /flushdns
  • C:\>ipconfig /registerdns
  • C:\>netsh winsock reset
  • C:\>shutdown -r -t 00

netsh winsock reset

Once you system is rebooted, try to open websites that you wanted. Hope, the above-mentioned tips and tricks helped you to solve  DNS_PROBE_FINISHED error. If you have any further suggestion, please share with our readers that would be highly appreciable.

Posted in ProTechGurus

How To Configure AD RMS In Windows Server 2016

Active Directory Rights Management Services (AD RMS) is a service that protects sensitive and intellectual documents of an organization from the unauthorized users. One of the major advantages of using AD RMS over other security features such as NTFS permission is that AD RMS permission travels along with the documents. Does not matter how and where you copy or move the documents. In this post, we will see how to install and configure AD RMS in Windows Server 2016.

In order to install and configure AD RMS in Windows Server 2016, you need to perform the following high-level steps:

  1. Preparing AD RMS server.
  2. Installing the AD RMS server role.
  3. Creating an AD RMS Cluster.
  4. Configuring the AD RMS templates.
  5. Testing and verifying AD RMS Configuration.

Preparing AD RMS Server

For the successful AD RMS deployment, first, you need to make sure that you fulfill all the AD RMS prerequisites. For this, first, you need to perform the following steps:

  1. On DC1, create a user named ADRMSSRVC that will be used as AD RMS service account.
  2. Add this account in to the member list of the Domain Admins group. Refer the following figure.Creating AD RMS Service Account
  3. Now, create the following Active Directory objects:
    • Create an OU named Sales and create Peter user under it.
    • Create one more OU named Finance and create Shawn user under it.
  4. When you make the users, ensure that you also set the email addresses for the respective user accounts. For example, set peter@mcsalab.local email account for Peter user and shawn@mcsalab.local for Shawn user. Refer the following figure.AD RMS Accounts
  5. Now, create a shared folder named Secret that will be used as Shared Distribution Point (SDP).
  6. Right-click Secret and navigate to Share with Specific people to share this folder.Creating AD RMS SDP
  7. On the File Sharing dialog box, type Peter, and then click Add.
  8. Set the permission level as Read/Write.AD RMS Shared Folder
  9. Using the same steps, also set the Read/Write permission for the ADRMSSRVC user account.

Installing AD RMS in Windows Server 2016

In order to install the Active Directory Rights Management Services (AD RMS) role, you need to perform the following steps:

  1. On DC1, using the Server Manager console, launch the Add Roles and Features Wizard.
  2. Click Next and accept the default selections till the Select server roles page displays.
  3. Select the Active Directory Right Management Services role and click Next.Installing Active Directory Rights Management Services
  4. Click Next and navigate to the Select role services page.
  5. Ensure that Active Directory Management Server option is selected and then click Next to proceed.Selecting Active Directory Rights Management Services role
  6. Finally, click Install and complete the installation process.

Creating an AD RMS Cluster

After installing AD RMS server role, the next task is to create a new AD RMS cluster. For this, you need to perform the following steps:

  1. On the Server Manager console, click the Notifications icon, and then click Perform additional configuration.Perform Active Directory Rights Management Services post configuration
  2. On the Configuration required for Active Directory Rights Management Services page, click Next.
  3. On the AD RMS Cluster page, ensure that the Create a new AD RMS root cluster radio button is selected, and then click Next.Create a new AD RMS root Cluster
  4. On the Configuration Database page, select the Use Windows Internal Database on this server option, and then click Next. Alternatively, you can also specify the SQL server database, if already configured.Selecting AD RMS configuration database server
  5. On the Service Account page, click Specify to specify the ADRMS Service account that is mcsalab\adrmssrvc and click Next to proceed.AD RMS Service Account
  6. Accept the default selections till the AD RMS Cluster Key Password page. Specify a cluster key password and click Next to proceed.AD RMS Cluster Key Password
  7. On the Cluster Web Site page, accept the default selection, and then click Next.
  8. On the Specify Cluster Address page, select the Use an unencrypted connection (http://) radio button, specify DC1.MCSALAB.LOCAL as FQDN name and click Next to proceed.AD RMS Cluster Address
  9. On the Licensor Certificate page, accept the default name, and then click Next.
  10. On the SCP Registration page, accept the default selection, and then click Next.
  11. On the Confirmation page, review all the options you have chosen. Click Previous to make the changes.Completing AD RMS Cluster configuration
  12. Finally, click Install and complete the installation process.
  13. Ensure that installation process is completed without any error.
  14. Now, Sign off to Administrator and Sign in to as MCSALAB\adrmssrvc user account.
  15. Open the Active Directory Rights Management Services console using the Server Manager console. Verify that there is no error display.Active Directory Rights Management Services console

Configure AD RMS in Windows Server 2016

Once you installed the AD RMS server role, the next step is to configure AD RMS templates. For this, you need to perform the following steps:

  1. On the Active Directory Rights Management Services console, expand dc1.mcsalab.local, select and right-click Rights Policy Templates, and then select Properties.Configuring Rights Policy Templates
  2. Select the Enable export check box, type the path of SDP that is \\dc1.mcsalab.local\secret and then click OK.Right Policy Templates File Location
  3. Click Create distributed rights policy template to create the distributed rights policy template.Create Distributed Rights Policy Templates
  4. On the Add New Template Identification Information page, click Add.
  5. Specify template name and description, click Add, and then click Next to proceed.Template Identification Information
  6. On the Add User Rights page, click Add. Type email of Peter user in The e-mail address of a user or group text box, and then click OK.AD RMS User Rights
  7. Using the same steps, add Shawn user account, assign the View permission, and proceed to Next.Configure AD RMS Permissions
  8. On the Expiration Policy page, set the desired expiry date for this template and click Next to proceed.
  9. On the Specify Extended Policy page, click Next.
  10. On the Specify Revocation Policy page, click Finish.AD RMS Revocation Policy
  11. Close the Active Directory Rights Management Services console.

Verifying AD RMS Client

Now, you have successfully configured AD RMS, the next step is to verify your AD RMS configuration. In order to verify the AD RMS configuration, you need to perform the following steps:

  1. Switch and sign in to CLIENT1 as MCSALAB\Peter.
  2. Open the Internet options, click the Security tab, click Local intranet, and then click Sites.
  3. Click Advanced, type http://DC1.MCSALAB.LOCAL in the Add this website to the zone and then click Add.
  4. Open a blank Word 2013 document and then type a descriptive message in the document.
  5. Click Protect Document using the File tab and navigate to Restrict AccessRestricted Access > Connect to Rights Management Services.Install and Configure AD RMS
  6. Select the Restrict permission to this document check box in the Permission dialog box, and then type Shawn@MCSALAB.LOCAL in the Read text box.
  7. Type Peter@MCSALAB.LOCAL in the Change text box.
  8. Click OK to close the Permission dialog box.
  9. Click Save As from the File menu, and then save the file as \\DC1\Secret\ADRMS_Test.docx. You can notice that Peter user can make changes.
  10. Switch user as MCSALAB\Shawn and open File Explorer, and then browse to \\DC1\Secret.
  11. Try to open the ADRMS_Test.docx file. Notice the message that displays.
  12. Click View Permission and verify that Shawn user has the view permission.
  13. Click the File tab and notice that the Print option is not available.

In this article, we have learned how to install and configure AD RMS in Windows Server 2016. Drop your queries, suggestions, feedback in the comment box.

Posted in Windows 10, Windows Server 2016

How To Add Hyper-V Hosts To SCVMM 2012 R2

SCVMM 2012 R2 allows you to manage and control virtual machines running on the Hyper-V hosts. However, for this, you need to add Hyper-V hosts to SCVMM 2012 R2 Management server. Once you added the Hyper-V hosts to SCVMM Management server, you can create, delete, and manage virtual machines on the added hosts. We assume that you have already read the previous post in which we have explained step by step SCVMM 2012 R2 installation guide. In this post, we will continue to use the same VMM server to explain how to add a Hyper-V host to SCVMM 2012 R2 Management server. However, before proceeding to next, first, you need to ensure the following:

  • VMM Management server and Hyper-V host are properly connected to each other.
  • VMM Management Server and Hyper-V host are the members of the same domain.
  • The Windows Firewall is configured to allow communication between VMM management server and Hyper-V host. You may turn off the Windows Firewall for the testing purpose.

Adding Hyper-V Hosts to SCVMM 2012 R2

In order to add Hyper-V hosts to SCVMM management server, the following steps need to be followed:

  1. Open the Virtual Machine Manager console on the VMM management server.

    Note: Sometimes, you may get an error while opening the VMM console. To resolve this, you may need to reboot VMM management server. If the problem still exists, restart the Virtual Machine Manager service using the Services console.

  2. In the VMs and Services section, scroll down and right-click the All Hosts option, and then select the Add Hyper-V Hosts and Clusters option.
  3. On the Resource Location page of the Add Resource Wizard page, review all the available options that you can use. For the testing purpose, we will select the Windows Server computers in a trusted Active Directory domain option.Add Hyper-V Host To SCVMM
  4. On the Credentials page, select the Manually enter the credentials option and specify domain administrator account details in DomainName\Administrator format and then click Next.
  5. On the Discovery Scope page, select Specify Windows Server computers by names, type the IP address or computer name of the Hyper-V host that yu want to add and then click Next.Adding Hyper-V Hosts to SCVMM Management Server
  6. On the Target Resources page, select the Computer name check box in the Discovered computers section and then click Next.
  7. On the Host Settings page, accept the default Host group (All Hosts) and then click Next. We will explain how to create and manage the host group in a separate article.Managing Host Settings in SCVMM
  8. On the Summary page, click Finish to complete the task. Monitor the status of the Jobs window and close it once the Hyper-V host is added.
  9. Now, you will see all the virtual machines, if any, of the added Hyper-V host. In the following figure, you can see that host1 is added in the Virtual Machine Connection console.Adding and Configuring Hyper-V Hosts to SCVMM Management Server
  10. Now, you can manage the added Hyper-V hosts using the Virtual Machine Connection console.

In this article, we have explained a step by step guide “how to add Hyper-V hosts to SCVMM”. Hope, you loved it. If you get stuck anywhere, please drop your queries in the comment box.

Posted in SCVMM, Windows Server 2016 Tagged with: , ,